Aztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange. Mayan Gods | Schellhas, Paul | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Voor vrijwel elk mayan van hun bestaan hadden kaiju een god. En al barbados casinos goden hadden hun eigen kenmerken, nukken en wensen. Geen wonder.
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The ancient Maya had over Gods in their complex religion, each with clearly defined characteristics and purposes. Itzamn, the big cheese overall and lord of the heavens as well as night and day, could be called upon in hard times or calamities.
Who says nice guys finish last? Itzamn was always benevolent. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. Retrieved 9 May Lists of mythological figures.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Huracan was one of the most powerful deities in the Mayan pantheon.
Chaac was the Mayan god of thunder and rainstorms. Mayans believed that when Chaac struck with his axe, it produced lightning and thunder. Mayans also associated Chaac with the four cardinal directions.
In some sources, the four directions are called the four Chaacs. Mayans dedicated a number of religious rituals in honor of Chaac , often celebrating these rituals around the natural wells called cenotes.
Sometimes, human sacrifices in the form of drowning were carried out to please Chaac. The tonsured maize god personifies maize, cacao beans and jade.
He is a patron god of the scribal arts, dancing and feasting. Mayan kings often dressed as the maize god during rituals of his life, death and regeneration.
Hunab Ku is a pre-Columbian god whose name translates as the only God or the one God. Scholars are still debating whether Hunab Ku is an indigenous god or a creation of the Spanish.
Most think he is indigenous. Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king.
According to the Popol Vuh, Zipacna was the maker of mountains, who spent his days looking for crabs and fishes to eat, and his nights lifting up the mountains.
One day he dragged an enormous pole to help out boys who were building a new house. The boys conspired to kill him, but Zipacna saved himself.
Thinking they'd killed him, the boys got drunk, and Zipacna came out of his hiding places and pulled the house down on top of them, killing them all.
In revenge for the death of boys, the Hero Twins decided to kill Zipacna, by toppling a mountain onto his chest and turning him into stone.
Chac alternately spelled 'Chaac, Chahk, or Chaak , one of the oldest known gods in the Maya pantheon, can be traced in the Maya region back to the preclassic period.
Some scholars consider Chac the Maya version of the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. This god is illustrated with a long, pendulous and curling nose, and often holds axes or serpents in his fists, both of which are widespread symbols of lightning bolts.
Chac is closely identified with war and human sacrifice. The primordial couple of Xmucane and Xpiacoc appear in the Popol Vuh as the grandparents of two sets of twins: the older set of 1 Monkey and 1 Howler, and the younger of Blowgunner and Jaguar Sun.
The older pair suffered great losses in their lives and because of that learned to paint and carve, learning the peace of the fields.
The younger pair were magicians and hunters, who knew how to hunt for food and understood the violence of the woods. The two sets of twins were jealous of how Xmucane treated the others and played endless tricks on one another.
To that end, Yumil Kaxob was often also associated with the Maize God. In some narratives, he is also represented as the son or essence of Chaac — and the father-son duo works together to bring forth rain and crops for the agricultural folks.
So, in many ways, Yumil Kaxob was venerated as an aspect of the life force that resides within the flora. However, like the proverbial phoenix, Kaxob had the undefeatable power of rejuvenation, which after a passage of time made him rise from his death, thereby once again completing the natural cycle.
Things get a bit complicated when it comes to the mythical scope of the Mayan gods of death. As for Yum Cimil, the god, espousing the state of decay, was represented with his skeletal mask, protruding belly filled with rotting matter , body adorned with bones, and a neckless bedecked with eyeless sockets.
In some narratives, he rules over the nine levels of the underworld known as Mitnal , where he takes sadistic pleasure in extinguishing the very essence of souls by torturing them with fire and water.
And interestingly enough, while he is often represented with motifs of corn sometimes in form of a headdress , Yum Kaax is not to be confused with the Maize God or God E.
Rather the deity, as the name suggests, was probably venerated as the guardian of the forest and protector of wildlife — both flora and fauna.
Often depicted with an elaborate corn headdress and corn-cob pots in his hand, Yum Kaax was possibly worshiped by both farmers and hunters.
The former connection alludes to how the Mayan god was also revered as a deity of agriculture — so much so that many offered their first fruits to the deity of the forest.
The Maya worshipped many gods. Mayan gods could change themselves into human and animal shapes.